Case Studies/Studies

Additional Surgical Procedure Linked to Better ACL Reconstruction Outcomes

The lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) procedure, when performed in conjunction with ACL reconstruction, may reduce young athletes’ risk of graft failure and reinjury, according to a recent clinical trial.


Surgery May Be Unnecessary for Certain Humerus Fractures, Study Finds

Surgical and nonsurgical treatments offer similar functional outcomes for elderly patients with two-part proximal humerus fractures, according to a multinational research group.


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Surgery Counteracts Effects of Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Young patients with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) — a subtype of transverse myelitis — regained arm function after undergoing nerve transfer surgery, according to the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS).

Most patients with AFM...


New Study Explores Association Between Paternal Smoking and Congenital Heart Defects in Babies

Babies born to fathers who smoke are more likely to have congenital heart defects, according to a recently published study.


Study Indicates Most Nutritional Supplements and Dietary Therapies Do Not Benefit Heart Health, Despite Popularity

Nutritional supplements and dietary interventions enjoy widespread use in the United States, but most have no effect on cardiovascular survival or outcomes, according to a group of U.S. researchers.


Web- and Phone-Based Behavioral Therapy Offer Long-Term IBS Relief

Telephone- and web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) show promise as effective long-term treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, according to a recent study.


Study May Alleviate Concerns About Long-Term PPI Use

Observational studies have linked proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to a litany of health conditions. A recent randomized controlled trial undermines many of those associations, finding PPIs to be largely safe to use for at least three years.


Misdiagnosing Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

An estimated nine out of 10 children with sleep-disordered breathing are undiagnosed, often because physicians attribute symptoms to behavioral issues rather than to common sleep issues such as sleep apnea, according to a recent study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA).


Law of Unintended Consequences Hits Battle Against Opioid Misuse

If fighting opioid misuse feels like a game of whack-a-mole, you’ve been paying attention.


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Study: Bariatric Surgery Aids Female Sexual Function

A study in Brazil found that women with obesity had greater sexual function after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Sexual dysfunction fell from 62% before the procedure to 19% six months afterward, and mean overall Female Sexual...